The following definitions are intended to describe specific aspects of both eco-restorative design and related community design concepts and are not necessarily applicable to similar commonly used terms and definitions.

Aging in Place – considers the needs of aging populations by utilizing designs which extend their residency and their end of life experience within their communities and homes over time. Also refers to the detailed design of dwelling units and their surrounding environs to accommodate the resident’s anticipated progressive decline in mobility over time; similar to Universal Design (see

Agrarian Earth Science – the study and application of natural ecosystems design throughout the world; can be associated with organic farming; example: “permaculture”.

Biodiversity – the number and variety of organisms found within a specified geographic region; characteristics advancing fecundity and diversity of life forms.

Biodiversification – a process whereby the number and variety of organisms found within a specified geographic region successfully increase their populations and/or geographic range.

Caravan Village – a planned community demonstration project based on the application of eco-restorative design; includes utilizing “Living System Services” technologies, Aging in Place design values, and related objectives.

Concentrated Water Flows – within the context of “Living Systems” water management design, the pathway patterns created by rainwater flows originating at catchment surfaces, and which are ultimately distributed to local streams and rivers (see Indigenous Water Flows and Living System definitions).

Design –“The intentional shaping of matter, energy, and process to meet a perceived need or desire. Design is a hinge that inevitably connects culture and nature through exchanges of materials, flows of energy, and choices of land use.” Sim Van der Ryn

Earth Charter – an international resolution and agreement to sustain and support the right to life inherent with all organisms occupying the Earth (see; the foundational precept for “humane architecture” and “eco restorative design”.

Earth Ecology – Earth Ecology exists to suit the adapting dwelling and land owner/occupant in the transition toward a more harmonious, productive, inspirational, and informed collaboration with the environment. (Authored by Nick Lake 1/2016)

Ecology – Symbiotic-Relationship – Symbiosis in the broadest sense is any relationship or association between two or more species (an interdependence – to some degree), This definition recognizes entering the realm of community ecology – organisms that are living close.

Eco-restorative design – Eco-Restorative design utilizes the methods, concepts, and language of ecology whereby designers can create humane architecture that intentionally engages with the natural living systems of a site and its environs. This idea finds its purpose in the need to both heal and regenerates compromised ecological systems thereby helping them regain their original fecundity. Profoundly, eco-restorative thinking actively affirms the spiritual connection existing between humans and the natural world.

Ecozoic – considers the history of earth entering a new geological time due to impending mass extinctions; also referred to as the forthcoming “Ecozoic Age” *
(see for further info)

Foundation/Cistern – method of storing rainwater whereby the cistern structure is designed to serve as a containment vessel for water as well as structurally support the weight of buildings in the same way as conventional foundations do.

Green Corps – an idea involving organized and trained groups of people throughout America whose primary purpose is to effect beneficial environmental change via rendering “Living System Services” within their own communities; inspired from the U.S. Peace Corps founded in 1961.

Human ecology – an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary study of the relationship between humans and their natural, social, and built environments. The philosophy and study of human ecology has a diffuse history with advancements in ecology, geography, sociology, psychology, anthropology, zoology, epidemiology, public health, and home economics, among others.

Humane Architecture – having to do with designing a human habitat that considers the inalienable rights of both humans and those of indigenous life forms being affected.

Indigenous water flows – rainwater surface runoff patterns which occur prior to human alteration of the Earth’s porosity and topography (see “concentrated water flows”).

Intelligent [Human] Design – The unequivocal consensus in the scientific community is that intelligent design is not science. U.S. National Academy of Sciences has stated that “creationism, intelligent design, and other claims of supernatural intervention in the origin of life or of species are not science because they are not testable by the methods of science .  Human Design key is to humanizing technology to make it more relatable, not more human.

LEED – (Leadership for Energy and Environmental Design) a standard for green building design initiated by the US Green Building Council providing guidelines for sustainable building construction; includes standards for community design as well.

Living System Design – a micro-ecosystem that has been positively affected by intelligent human design; integrates the wisdom of nature’s processes; the end product of eco-restorative design.

Living System Services – contractual relationship provided by a qualified permaculture representative which includes design, installation, and related Living Systems management services to property owners and other land-based interests

Micro Ecosystem – Microecosystems can exist in locations which are precisely defined by critical environmental factors within small or tiny spaces. Such factors may include temperature, pH, chemical milieu, nutrient supply, presence of symbionts or solid substrates, gaseous atmosphere (aerobic or anaerobic) etc.

Panelized and Precast Foundations – a new technology which dramatically reduces the time needed to build structural foundations; can be used to store rainwater in certain cases.

Permaculture – development of perennial agricultural systems that mimic the structure and interrelationship found in natural ecologies; (many other definitions can be used which apply to this agrarian earth-based science).

Permaculture Trainee – a “Green Corps” participant trained to apply agrarian earth science whereby they provide “Living Systems Management Services” to help their communities “Re-Green” America.

Photovoltaic – technology used to convert sunlight into electricity; solar panels.

Porosity – identifies the nature of soil and other materials capacity to absorb or repel water; quantifies the degree of impervious to pervious nature of objects exposed to rainfall.

Re-Greening – a process implementing a global “green revolution” whereby people trained to apply permaculture and other related agrarian earth science can help their communities benefit from “eco-restorative design” projects.

Shared Energy Flows – a merging of two or more design elements including energy, matter, and process; example: the transmission of radiant heat from the sun to water and thence from water to inhabited space via the application of human technology.

Symbiosis – the beneficial relationship of two or more dissimilar organisms in close association with one another, especially when this relationship is advantageous to the individual organisms being affected.

* When considering the great ages of the Earth over the last 4.6 billion years, different spans of time on the Earth’s time scale are usually delimited by major geological or paleontological events, such as mass extinctions. For example, the boundary between the Cretaceous period and the Paleocene period is defined by the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event, which marked the demise of the dinosaurs and of many marine species. Older periods which predate the reliable fossil record are defined by absolute age. Each era on the scale is separated by a major and/or changing event. (quoted from Wikipedia)